Open Access Publications Archive – CLAS (CEDLA Latin America Studies)

CEDLA is pleased to present to the academic community a selection of its publications to download in PDF format that are out of print or not easily available. These books have been scanned using ASCII data capture, which means that the PDFs are searchable. The list below will be expanded.

11Sindicatos

Iris Martha Roldán
Sindicatos y Protesta Social en la Argentina

Incidentele Publicaties 11, 1972
Durante el període 1969-72 se registraron en diversos puntos de la Argentina (Córdoba, Rosario, Tucumán, Cipoletti, Mendoza, Casilda) una serie de levantamientos y movilizaciones políticas masivas que expresaron el repudio de la clase obrera y de otras clases y/o fracciones de clases populares al proyecto hegemónico articulado por el régimen militar auto-denominado "Revolución Argentina" (1966-1973).


Índice y Introducción

Cap. I – El marco teórico
Cap. II – El contexto nacional y local de la acción del sindicato
Cap. III – La fundación y consolidación del sindicato de Luz y Fuerza de Córdoba
Cap. IV – El sindicalismo de liberación – Evolución de una concepción: 1966-marzo 1973
Cap. V – El Sindicalismo de liberación – Visión interna y límites de una estrategia
Cap. VI – El Sindicalismo de liberación – Declinación: marzo 1973/diciembre 1973
Cap. VII – El Sindicalismo de liberación – Acentuación de la declinación: enero/mayo 1974; Aniquilamiento de una estrategia: junio/octubre 1974
Cap. VIII – Conclusiones

Apéndices y Bibliografîa
Samenvatting (resúmen en idioma holandés)

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24HuisiTacu

Maarten E.R.G.N. Jansen
Huisi Tacu – Estudio interpretativo de un libro mixteco antiguo:
Codex Vindobonensis mexicanus 1, Tomo 1 & 2

Incidentele Publicaties 24, © 1982 CEDLA
El presente estudio busca aclarar el contenido del códice mixteco que ahora está en la Biblioteca Nacional de Viena. De tal manera no sólo se ofrece una síntesis de los pensamientos y hechos de las dinastías postclásicas (del siglo X hasta el siglo XVI, sino también se traza la continuidad de la cultura indígena desde aquella época hasta la crisis social de nuestros días.


ÍNDICE

TOMO I
Introducción
Cap. I – El Arte de Escribir
Cap. II – El Lugar donde Estaba el Cielo
Cap. III – Un Largo Levítico de Ritos
Cap. IV – Un Dilatado Reino
Cap. V – Los Senores que trajeron los Mandamientos
Cap. VI – Historia de los Linajes
Cap. VII – Cual Hoja al Viento

TOMO II
Apendices
Notas
Bibliografîa
Figuras
Códice Vindobonensis Reverso
Códice Vindobonensis Anverso
Samenvatting (resúmen en holandés)

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29NewSocialMovements

David Slater (ed.)
New Social Movements and the State in Latin America

CLAS 29, © 1985 CEDLA

The papers collected in this volume originate from a CEDLA workshop held in October 1983. They were inspired by a belief in the importance of providing a forum for discussion and debate on the topic of new social movements and the state in Latin America. The combined analysis provides a series of theoretical points of departure.


CONTENTS – D. Slater, ‘Social Movements and a Recasting of the Political’

PART I: THEORETICAL DEPARTURES AND DELINEATIONS
1. E. Laclau, ‘New Social Movements and the Plurality of the Social’
2. T. Evers, ‘Identity: the Hidden Side of New Social Movements in Latin America’

PART II: SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND THE CITY
3. L. Kowarick, ‘The Pathways to Encounter: Reflections on the Social Struggle in São Paulo’
4. N. Vink, ‘Base Communities and Urban Social Movements – a Case Study of the Metalworkers’ Strike 1980, São Bernardo, Brazil’
5. E. Henry, ‘Urban Social Movements in Latin America – towards a critical understanding’

PART III: REGIONS, SOCIAL CONFLICT AND THE STATE
6. D. Slater, ‘The Peruvian State and Regional Crises – the development of regional social movements, 1968-1980’
7. V. Gianotten, Ton de Wit, and Hans de Wit, 'The Impact of Sendero Luminoso on Regional and National Polities in Peru'

PART IV: REVOLUTIONARY CHANGE, POPULAR HEGEMONY AND THE ROLE OF THE WOMEN’S MOVEMENT
8. J.L. Coraggio, ‘Social Movements and Revolution: the Case of Nicaragua’
9. M. Molyneux, ‘Mobilisation without Emancipation? Women’s Interests, State and Revolution in Nicaragua’
10. R. Reddock, ‘Popular Movement to “Mass Organization”. The Case of the National Women’s Organisation of Grenada (NWO) 1979-1983’

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33RitualEnemas

Peter A.G.M. de Smet
Ritual Enemas and Snuffs in the Americas

CLAS 33, © 1985 P.A.G.M. de Smet, reproduced with permission of the author
This interdisciplinary study gives a comprehensive survey of the ethnobotany, phytochemistry, psychopharmacology and pharmacokinetics of all the plants that serve as intoxicating enema and snuff ingredients among the native peoples of the Americas. It will be of interest to specialists in the field of ethnopharmacology and to anthropologists concerned with the anthropology of religion and shamanism.


CONTENTS – Preface, Abbreviations of chemical compounds

Chapter 1. A multidisciplinary overview of intoxicating enema rituals in the western hemisphere
Part 1. The ethnobotany. chemistry and psychopharmacology of ritual enemas in the western hemisphere
Part 2. Rectal pharmacokinetics and efficacy of possible ritual enema constituents
Part 3. The chemistry of paricá seeds of the Brazilian Maué Indians
Part 4. Enema scenes on ancient Maya pottery

Chapter 2. A multidisciplinary overview of intoxicating snuff rituals in the western hemisphere
Part 1. The ethnobotany, chemistry and psychopharmacology of ritual snuffs in the western hemisphere
Part 2. Nasal pharmacokinetics and efficacy of possible ritual snuff constituents
Part 3. The chemistry of yopo snuffs of the Venezuelan Piaroa Indians

Chapter 3. Some factors to be taken into consideration in the multidisplinary approach to ritual intoxicating plants
Appendices A, B, C, D, E, F, G
References, Acknowledgements, Summary, Index, Plates

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39Revolution

Adèle G. van der Plas
Revolution and Criminal Justice: The Cuban Experiment, 1959-1983

CLAS 39, © 1987 A.G. van der Plas, reproduced with permission of the author
In the first years of the Cuban revolution, experimental tribunals were set up in the countryside, and later in the big cities, in which justice was administered by lay judges chosen by and from the people. At first the procedure followed by these so-called base tribunals was very informal. Its key points were direct and active involvement by the neighbourhood, simplicity and comprehensibility.

 

In the course of the 1970s these base tribunals were integrated within a new system of judicial organisation. The emphasis was now on professionalism and efficiency, by which the basic administration of justice acquired a fundamentally different character. In this study, the genesis and structure of the base tribunals are set within the wider context of political developments within the Cuban revolution. The objective is to examine the extent to which the profound transformations which Cuba underwent after 1959 in its international relations, economic organisation and politico-cultural traditions have been reflected in new developments in the basic administration of justice.

CONTENTS Map of Cuba

CHAPTER 1 Cuba
CHAPTER 2 Transition 1959-1962: trom green revolution to socialist revolution

CHAPTER 3 Experimental base tribunals in the Cuban countryside
CHAPTER 4 An independent politica I course: International solidarity and idealism 1966-1968

CHAPTER 5 Criminal process and the committees for the defence of the revolution
CHAPTER 6 The base tribunals as countrywide experiment

CHAPTER 7 The base tribunals: From experiment to component of a new system
CHAPTER 8 The 1970s: Second thoughts and institutionalisation

CHAPTER 9 From base tribunal to municipal popular tribunal: Incorporation within a new system of judicial organisation
CHAPTER 10 Conclusion

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Structures-of-Power

Willem Assies, Gerrit Burgwal, Ton Salman
Structures of Power, Movements of Resistance: An Introduction to the theories of Urban Movements in Latin America

CLAS 55, © 1990 CEDLA
Over the past years, a rapid growth in the number of studies of social movements, new social movements and urban social movements can be observed. In Latin America in particular, research on urban movements has occupied a prominent place among the studies of popular mobilization.


Assessments of the significance of these movements have ranged from dismissing them as rather irrelevant, since they do not directly address the class structure of society and lack real political influence, to their glorification as "the new subjects for societal transformation". This book traces the development and impact of some of the theoretical perspectives involved. Rather than providing ready-made solutions, the intention is to review the emergence of the questions under debate in a systematic way. It is only through an understanding of why things are questioned and in what context questions have become relevant, that an assessment of the debates on the different types of social movements becomes possible. This in turn, provides the basis for further progress in this field of study. The book provides a general discussion of theoretical perspectives and research strategies in the study of social movements and situates the debates on urban movements in Latin America within this broad context. A bibliographical overview of studies on Latin American movements and their thematical indexation provides a valuable aid to students of the subject.

CONTENTS
Foreword by David Slater, Introduction by Willem Assies, Gerrit Burgwal, Ton Salman

CHAPTER ONE
OF STRUCTURED MOVES AND MOVING STRUCTURES
An overview of theoretical perspectives on social movements
by Willem Assies

CHAPTER TWO
BETWEEN ORTHODOXY AND EUPHORIA
Research strategies on social movements: a comparative perspective
by Ton Salman

CHAPTER THREE
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE LITERATURE ON URBAN MOVEMENTS IN LATIN AMERICA
by Gerrit Burgwal

INDEXES

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58IndianCommunity

Arij Ouweneel and Simon Miller (eds)
The Indian Community of Colonial Mexico: Fifteen Essays on Land Tenure, Corporate Organizations, Ideology and Village Politics

CLAS 58, © 1990 CEDLA

These fifteen essays illustrate a number of aspects and reflect a number of concerns arising out of a common interest in the history of the rural population. Divided into two parts – Land Tenure – and – Religion, Ideology and Politics – the volume offers a unique perspecitve on that topic.


CONTENTS – MAPS, Figure and Tables; FOREWORD
ONE 'Altepeme and Pueblos de Indios. Some Comparative Theoretical Perspectives on the Analysis of the Colonial Indian Communities', Arij Ouweneel

PART ONE: LAND TENURE
TWO 'Colonial Indian Corporate Landholding: A Glimpse from the Valley of Puebla', Ursula Dyckerhoff
THREE 'A Different Way of Thinking: Contrasting Spanish and Indian Social and Economic Views in Central Mexico (1550-1600)', Rik Hoekstra
FOUR 'A Note on the Composiciones de Tierra in the Jurisdiction of Cholula, Puebla (1591-1757)', Ma. Cristina Torales Pacheco
FIVE 'Pueblos de Indios. Pueblos de Castas: New SettIements and Traditional Corporate Organization in Eighteenth-Century New Spain', Bernardo García Martínez
SIX 'The Fundo Legal or Lands Por Razón de Pueblo: New Evidence from Central New Spain', Stephanie Wood
SEVEN 'Indian Community Land and Municipal Income in Colonial Cuernavaca. An Investigation through Nahuatl Documents', Robert Haskett
EIGHT 'Indian Land Retention in Colonial Metztitlán', Wayne S. Osborn
NINE 'The "Secession" of Villages in the Jurisdiction of Tlapa (Eighteenth Century)', Danièle Dehouve

PART TWO: RELIGION, IDEOLOGY AND POLITICS
TEN 'Images and Prophets: Indian Religion and the Spanish Conquest', D. A. Brading
ELEVEN 'Indian Confraternities, Brotherhoods and Mayordomias in Central New Spain. A List of Questions for the Historian and the Anthropologist', Serge Gruzinski
TWELVE 'Rural Confraternities in the Local Economies of New Spain. The Bishopric of Oaxaca in the Context of Colonial Mexico', Asunción Lavrin
THIRTEEN 'Community Discourse: A Family Conflict in Eighteenth-Century Coyotepec, Oaxaca', Lotte de Jong
FOURTEEN 'Conflict and Balance in District Politics: Tecali and the Sierra Norte de Puebla in the Eighteenth Century', William B. Taylor
FIFTEEN 'The Raw and the Cooked: Elite and Popular Ideology in Mexico, 1800-1821', Eric Van Young

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Get Out of the Mud

Willem Assies
To Get Out of the Mud: Neighborhood Associativism in Recife, 1964-1988

CLAS 63, © 1991

Against the background of the ongoing debate on "urban social movements" in Brazil, this study aims to reconstruct the development of neighborhood associations in the north-eastern city of Recife (Pernambuco) between 1964 and 1988.

 

It follows the trajectory of neighborhood associativism and its role in urban policies through the period of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism (1964-1979), the gradual political "opening" and the transition to a civilian government (1979-1985). Finally, it discusses one of the first large-scale experiments in municipal democratization carried out by a left-wing administration that sought to promote "the participation of the organized social movements of civil society" (1985-1988).

CONTENTS – Acknowledgements, List of Acronyms
Introduction
Chapter 1. Urban Social Movements: Theory and Project
Chapter 2. Metropolis of an Underdeveloped Region
Chapter 3. The Hills, the Swamplands and the in Between
Chapter 4. Spotlights on Pernambuco
Chapter 5. Order...and Progress?
Chapter 6. The Politics of Abertura
Chapter 7. Exercises in Institutional Innovation
Chapter 8. Conclusion
Appendix
Summary in English, Spanish, Dutch
Bibliography

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77IndigenousRevolts

Kevin Gosner and Arij Ouweneel (eds)
Indigenous Revolts in Chiapas and the Andean Highlands

CLAS 77, © 1996 CEDLA
The general aim of this multi-disciplinary book is to develop a comparative, historical understanding of the much discussed phenomenon of indigenous revolts. The indigenous revolts under scope are: the Chiapanecan rebellions of 1524-34, 1712, 1869, and 1994; and the Andean rebellions of 1780-81 (Peru, Bolivia), 1850-83 (Southern Chile), the 1880s (Peru), 1920-21 (Ecuador), and the 1980s (Peru).


CONTENTS – Acknowledgments, Arij Ouweneel
'Introduction', Kevin Gosner

Part One: Chiapas
'The Battle of Sumidero: A History of the Chiapanecan Rebellion Through Spanish and Indian Testimonies (1524-34)', Jan de Vos
'Historical Perspectives on Maya Resistance: The Tzeltal Revolt of 1712', Kevin Gosner
'Whose Caste War? Indians, Ladinos, and the Chiapas 'Caste War' of 1869', Jan Rus
'Away From Prying Eyes: The Zapatista Revolt of 1994', Arij Ouweneel
'Who is the Comandante of Subcomandante Marcos?', Gary H. Gossen
'The First Two Months of the Zapatistas: A Tzotzil Chronicle', Marián Peres Tsu

Part Two: The Andes
'Face-to-Face with Rebellion: lndividual Experience and lndigenous Consciousness in the Thupa Amaro Insurrection', Ward Stavig
'Indigenous Rebellion in Chile Araucania, 1850-83', John Dawe
'Indigenous Peasant Rebellions in Peru during the 1880s', Lewis Taylor
'The "Huelga de los lndígenas" in Cuenca, Ecuador (1920-21): Comparative Perspectives', Michiel Baud
'Ethnic Civil War in Peru: The Military and Shining Path', Dirk Kruijt
Appendix and Bibliography, Appendix: Snapshots of the 'República de lndios', Arij Ouweneel, Bibliography

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