CUADERNOS del CEDLA Open Access Archive

CEDLA is pleased to present its publications in PDF format to the academic community . A print edition is also available as a service to our readers at subsidized prices. Students in the Netherlands receive a 50% discount. The list below will be expanded.


Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 18

Colombia from the Inside, Perspectives on Drugs, War and Peace pdf
Michiel Baud & Donny Meertens, editors

CEDLA, November 2004, 122 pp.
ISBN 90 70280 69-8. € 10 including postage.
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Colombia is Latin America's linchpin. Located between Central and South America, it is a crucial geopolitical region. Unfortunately, today its strategic hemispheric position has turned from an asset into a serious liability. Civil war and an increasing narcotics industry have led to a fragmented political system, an uncontrollable economy and a vulnerable international position. The volume, with contributions from seven eminent Colombian scholars, centres on this complex and often contradictory society, which has been dogged by violence, international controversy and uncontrolled military strife for decades. The text is largely based on a seminar on the Colombian Conflict in International Perspective, held at the third Congreso Europeo de Latinoamericanistas (CEISAL), in Amsterdam, and a meeting organized at the Nether-lands' Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague, in 2002. During these events, Colombian scholars gave their views on the complex situation of their country. The principal aim of their analysis was to present a vision from within and share their views on the current dynamics of conflict – particularly in the context of North American anti-terrorist and anti-drugs measures – with international academics and policy makers.

The contributors are: Alvaro Camacho (University of the Andes, Bogota), Francisco Leal (University of the Andes, Bogota), Alfredo Molano (political analyst and writer), Alfredo Rangel (Foundation for Security and Democracy, Bogota), Mauricio Romero (Rosario University, Bogota), Gonzalo Sanchez (National University of Colombia, Bogota) and Ricardo Vargas (Transnational Institute and Andean Action Platform).



Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 17

Our Brazil Will Awake! The Acção Integralista Brasileira and the Failed Quest for
a Fascist Order in the 1930s
Marcus Klein

CEDLA, August 2004, 120 pp.
ISBN 90 70280 70-1. € 10 including postage.
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Far too long put in second place by scholars, the academic interest in the Latin American right has markedly increased in recent years. One can say that it finally has received the attention it deserves because of the central role it played in and the profound influence it had on the development of the subcontinent's nations during the twentieth century. The growing number of publications on, for example, traditional conservatives, fascists, and the New Right, attests to this trend.

The volume reflects this growing interest in the Latin American right, and more specifically the extreme right. It investigates the story and reconstructs the history of the Acção Integralista Brasileira, the dominant fascist movement in Brazil in the 1930s. Covering the period between its establishement in October 1932 and its demist in early 1938, it discusses the continuity and discontinuity of the integralista discourse as presented by its leading members; deals with its political strategies and explains how and why they were adapted over time; and looks into the Acção Integralista Brasileira's changing relationships with other political and social protagonists, namely Getúlio Vargas, the armed forces, the Catholic Church, and the German-Brazilian communities and the Third Reich.

Luso-Brazilian Review Klein



Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 16

Cruzando Fronteras en América Latina pdf
Guillermo O’Donnell, Cynthia Hewitt de Alcántara y Arturo Escobar

CEDLA, November 2003, 67 pp.
ISBN 90 70280 60-4. € 10 including postage.
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Cruzando Fronteras en América Latina fue el tema central del Tercer  Congreso Europeo de Latinoamericanistas, que tuvo lugar en  Amsterdam el 3-6 de julio de 2002. El tema de fronteras e identidades  constituye un pilar fundamental en todo intento dirigido a la  comprensión de los procesos políticos contemporáneos, ya sea en  Latinoamérica o en Europa. Las fronteras representan construcciones  políticas e institucionales que repercuten fuertemente en el orden social, cultural y económico de las naciones. Las fronteras nos  permiten detectar las muchas contradicciones que se dan entre lo  institucional y lo individual, lo internacional y lo local, entre lo semejante y lo diferente, entre lo nuestro y lo ajeno.

En este Cuaderno tenemos el placer de reproducir los textos de las  tres charlas magistrales que se presentaron durante el Congreso. Trata de las ponencias de los profesores Guillermo O'Donnell, Cynthia Hewitt de Alcántara y Arturo Escobar. Se trata de académicos de renombre mundial, no sólo en el ámbito de los estudios latinoamericanos sino que además de los estudios del desarrollo en general.



Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 15

Microfinance in Nicaragua pdf
Pitou van Dijck, Hans Nusselder and Arie Sanders, editors

CEDLA and CDR-ULA (Costa Rica)
June 2004, 114 pp. ISBN 90 70280 50-7. € 10 including postage.
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During the 1990s, Nicaragua saw microfinance activities gaining strength as an answer to the void that the public banking sector had left in vast sectors of the economy. Neither had the private banking sector been able to satisfy the demand of financial services.

Today, it is estimated that 20 per cent of the population are served by non-governmental organizations, savings and credit cooperations, public corporations, or financing houses. Microfinance institutions have gained significant presence in terms of outreach, impact, and institutional strength, and organized themselves at the national level.

The volume contains five studies on: the market dimensions of the microfinance activities, how well these activities have taken root in rural communities, the paradigms and strategies used when it comes to women, the socioeconomic impact on the end users, and the dilemmas in relation to the new legal framework the sector is waiting for.

Pitou van Dijck is Associate Professor of Economics at Cedla, Amsterdam. Hans Nusselder and Arie Sanders are Research Consultants at Cdr-Ula, San José, Costa Rica.
Other contributors are: Miguel Alemán, Johan Bastiaensen, Michelle Deugd and Ben d’Exelle.



Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 14

Microfinanzas en Nicaragua pdf
Pitou van Dijck, Hans Nusselder y Arie Sanders (comps.)

CEDLA con  CDR-ULA (Costa Rica)
116 pp., agosto 2003, ISBN 90 70280 40-X . € 10 including postage.
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Las microfinanzas tomaron fuerza en Nicaragua en el transcurso de los  años noventa, como respuesta al vacío que dejó la banca estatal frente  a amplios sectores de la economía. La banca privada tampoco pudo  satisfacer la demanda de servicios financieros. Actualmente se estima  que un 20 por ciento de la población recibe atención de organizaciones  no gubernamentales, cooperativas de ahorro y crédito, sociedades  anónimas y sociedades financieras. Numerosas instituciones  microfinancieras (IMFs), en algo más de una década, han logrado una  presencia significativa en términos de alcance, desempeño y solidez  institucional, también al haberse organizado en el nivel nacional.

Este volumen consta de cinco estudios sobre las dimensiones del  mercado de las microfinanzas, el arraigo del microcrédito en comunidades rurales, los paradigmas y estrategias con un enfoque de género, el impacto socioeconómico causado a los usuarios finales y los dilemas con respecto al nuevo marco legal que se espera para el sector. Estos estudios son el resultado de labores realizadas en el transcurso de 2002, en atención directa a las inquietudes de agencias de cooperación y proyectos de investigación académica.

Pitou van Dijck es Profesor Asociado del CEDLA, Ámsterdam, Países Bajos. Hans Nusselder y Arie Sanders son Consultor-investigadores del CDR-ULA, con sede en San José, Costa Rica. Quienes también contribuyeron a esta publicación son: Miguel Aleman, Johan Bastiaensen, Michelle Deugd y Ben d'Exelle.



Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 13

Cross-border Activism and Its Limits, Mexican Environmental
Organizations and the United Statespdf

Barbara Hogenboom, Miriam Alfie Cohen and Edit Antal

CEDLA con UAM-A Y UNAM (Mexico), 98 pp., April 2003, 98 pp., ISBN 90 70280 30-2. € 10 including postage.
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This Cuaderno looks into the rise and development of Mexican  environmental NGOs and their cross-border relations with US  organizations. Barbara Hogenboom focuses on the role of national NGOs, and Miriam Alfie Cohen and Edit Antal present several cases of local environmental activism along the Mexico-US border. Their  analyses show that while environmental groups are at the forefront of establishing modern transnational relations, these relations have also  been heavily affected by regional asymmetries, local political traditions, and the neo-liberal style of economic integration.

Bargara Hogenboom is Assistant Professor of Political Science at  CEDLA, Amsterdam. Miriam Alfie Cohen is Researcher at the Department of Sociology of the Autonomous Metropolitan University, Azcapotzalco (UAM-A). Edit Antal is Researcher at the Centre for Research on North America (CISAN) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).



Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 12

Intelectuales y sus utopías, Indigenismo y la imaginación de América Latina pdf
Michiel Baud

CEDLA, 93 pp., febrero 2003, 93 pp.
ISBN 90 70280 20-5. € 10 including postage.
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Este Cuaderno se centra en los intentos de los intelectuales tanto de dentro como de fuera de América Latina por entender el carácter de las sociedades latinoamericanas. Se pasa revista a intelectuales latinoamericanos como José María Arguedas o Mario Vargas Llosa, a académicos extranjeros como Henri Favre o David Stoll y a intelectuales indígenas como Rigoberta Menchú. Se analiza el indigenismo como una ideología que estuvo buscando términos e ideas que podrían definir una nueva realidad latinoamericana.

El Cuaderno hace hincapié en la discusión intelectual urgente y a menudo desesperada entre los intelectuales latinoamericanos sobre la organización de su propia sociedad.

Michiel Baud es catedrático de Estudios Latinoamericanos en la Universidad de Amsterdam y director del CEDLA, Amsterdam.



Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 11

The Andean Exodus, Transnational Migration from Bolivia, Ecuador and  Peru pdf
Ton Salman and Annelies Zoomers, editors

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and CEDLA,
121 pp., July 2002, 121 pp., ISBN 90 70280 19-1. € 10 including postage.
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Under the influence of globalization and new communication  technologies, the Andean population is dispersing themselves around  the globe. It is increasingly clear that an array of external influences is operating in the most remote Andean villages, whereas the volume of long-distance international migration has been expanding rapidly during the last decade. The Andean population is increasingly scattered over the world; nowadays, large numbers of Bolivians are to be found in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, Israel, and the US. Ecuadorians roam over the world in small groups, exporting cultural commodities, or find temporary jobs in places such as New York. Transnational  migrants from Peru are found as sheepherders in California, factory workers in Japan, or as nannies and cleaners in Spain or other European countries.

This volume contains five case studies on transnational migration from the Andes, analysing the Andean exodus and the implications for processes of identity formation and livelihood change in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. The contributors are Karsten Paerregaard, David Kyle, Geneviève Cortes, Alfonso Hinojosa and Susana Sassone, who - on the basis of empirical research - analyse how transnational migration is shaped; what happens to the identity and livelihood of peasants (and their children) in the case of temporary or long-term migration across international borders. Traditionally, Andean identities have been rooted to places of origin and territorial belonging; and modes of life have long been analysed as localized, ingrained, stable and socially bounded connections between people and the land. Should the idea of 'sedentary-ness' be replaced by 'flows', and what are the implications?



Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 10

The Psychology of the Faceless Warriors pdf
Arij Ouweneel

CEDLA, November 2009, 110 pp.
ISBN 90 70280 10 8 - € 10 including postage.
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Dawn at New Year 1994 was a tantalizing moment in Mexican history  when hundreds of ski-masked rebels of the EZLN, or Zapatista  National Liberation Army, took their nation by surprise. To explain for  their ski-masked presence, their Maya leadership wrote the following words:

The time has come to speak for our hearts, for the hearts of others, from the night and from the earth our dead should come, the faceless  ones, those who are jungle, who dress with war so their voice will be heard, that their word later falls silent and they return once again to the night and to the earth, that other men and women may speak, who walk other lands, whose words carry the truth, who do not become lost in lies.

The narrative that is offered here is based on a hypothesis of how the rebellious Maya read the signs of history, economy, and politics that came to them from the outside. Next to a series of clearly identifiable political and economic factors, and through the unconscious psychological processing of sign language, the adoption of 'new' messages with their 'old' mythology became the major factor that ultimately made mobilization inevitable.

Arij Ouweneel is Associate Professor of History at CEDLA, Amsterdam, and holds a Chair in Ethnohistory at Utrecht University (1999-2004).



Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 9

Ten Years of Mercosur pdf
Pitou van Dijck and Marianne Wiesebron, editors

CEDLA and Leiden University, 106 pp., April 2002,
ISBN 90 70280  09-4, € 10 including postage.
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On 26 March, 1991, the Presidents of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay signed the Treaty of Asunción, which started the  processs of establishing a common market in the Southern Cone of the Americas. Notwithstanding major obstacles and recurrent policy  inconsistencies, Mercosur/1 has contributed fairly rapidly to the  integration of its four members, particularly through the liberalization of trade in manufactures and the introduction of a common external  tariff. This process has clearly advanced the potential significance of  Mercosur member countries in the negotiations on a future Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) as well as in the World Trade  Organization (WTO), and hence in shaping Latin America's future.

The volume contains nine studies on the economic, political and social dimensions of Mercosur's achievements so far, and its challenges ahead. Among the central themes are: the deepening and widening of Mercosur; currency volatility and policy coordination; strategic aspects of intra- and interregional cooperation; Mercosur and the formation of SAFTA and the FTAA; transatlantic cooperation; Mercosur as an agent of discipline; and the role of civil society

The contributors are: Paul Cammack, Pitou van Dijck, Janette Habel, Marcelo de A.Medeiros, Kurt Morais, Vivianne Ventura Dias, Paulo Vizentini, Rob Vos, and Marianne Wiesebron.


Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 8
The Suriname economy: experiences of the 1990s and challenges ahead pdf
Pitou van Dijck, et al. CEDLA

Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 7
Meeting Asia and Latin America in a New Setting pdf
Pitou van Dijck, CEDLA

Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 6
Platgetreden Paden. Over het Erfgoed van de Indianen pdf
Arij Ouweneel, CEDLA

Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 5
The Inca and Corpus Christi: The Feast of Santiago in Colonial Cuzco pdf
David Cahill, University of New South Wales

Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 4
Livelihood Strategies and Development Interventions in the Southern Andes of Bolivia: Contrasting Views on Development pdf
Annelies Zoomers, CEDLA

Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 3
The Bolivian Experiment: Structural Adjustment and Poverty Alleviation pdf
Pitou van Dijck, CEDLA

Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 2
Modern Traditions: the Otavaleños of Ecuador pdf
Jeroen Windmeijer, CNWS/CEDLA

Cuadernos del CEDLA, No. 1
Las Tierras de los Pueblos de Indios en el Altiplano de México, 1560-1920 pdf
Arij Ouweneel, Rik Hoekstra, CEDLA